Discovery of unique 7,000 year old pottery in western Iran
Pottery pieces unique in terms of the single color and bi-color illustrations dating back to the Dalma Culture have been unearthed at Nadali Beig Hill, in Iran's Kermanshah Province, the Public Relations Office of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism (RICHT) reported.
“Explorations were conducted with regard to the risk of destruction of Nadali Beig Hill located in the southwest of the city of Sonqor due to the building of a dam over Jamishan River.”
The archaeologist said that in this exploration season two trenches 5×5 metres in size and a test pit measuring 3×5 metres were studied in the western and central sections of the hill under investigation.
According to Bahranipour, on the basis of the results achieved in the explorations it was specified that the thickness of the deposits in Nadali Beig Hill is over four metres mainly dating back to the Stone Age, the Chalcolithic period and the Dalma Culture.
He listed the findings in the explorations in Nadali Beig Hill as identification of several construction stages, remains of residential units, remains related to industrial activities and a large number of pottery belonging to the Stone Age and Chalcolithic period, the architecture of which is made of adobe with clay mortar and built following an orthogonal plan.
The archaeologist described the variety of pottery as unique and said they included both monochrome and bichrome examples with Dalma patterns, Dalma pressure pottery and pottery with thick red mud covering.
The head of the exploration team in Nadali Beig Hill said according to the preliminary study of the findings it seems that the most important settlement era on the Nadali Beig Hill dates back to the fifth Millennium BC and the Dalma Culture.
He noted that of course in recent centuries parts of the area had been used as the cemetery of the Islamic era and in some of the trenches remains of the burials could be observed.
Bahranipour said exploration in the Nadali Beig Hill was important as four decades have passed since the last excavations in the area with such an antiquity and all the archaeological information about the Stone Age and Chalcolithic period in Central Zagros are based on foreign archaeological studies prior to the revolution of 1979.
Stressing that such explorations have provided outstanding results in the field of archaeology of the Stone Age and Chalcolithic eras in Central Zagros, he expressed hope that with the completion of the studies on the findings new light would be shed on the Copper and Stone Age in Central Zagros.
It should be noted that the Dalma pottery tradition including illustrated pottery, pottery with volumetric carving, pressure, punchy and added decorations, simple pottery with thick red mud covering enjoys a relatively vast area from northwest Iran to Central Zagros.
Source: The Iran Project [January 25, 2017]